Last updated: Saturday, March 25, 2011, 2:00 pm EST
Friday, March 25
Greenpeace: Greenpeace study ranks Fukushima as Chernobyl level 7 of 7 on severity scale, not level 5 as announced by the Japanese government.
Sunday, March 20
Ted Glick post on Grist: Global heating causes earthquakes.
Number of earthquakes worldwide in 1990: 16,590. Number in 2008: 31,777... If one calculates the number of earthquakes of magnitude 5.0 and higher between 1990 and 2010, there’s almost a 24% increase. (scroll down for a list of other pertinent sources in the linked resources near bottom of this compilation)
Amory Lovins post on Huffington Post (from March 18):
With nuclear power, "no acts of God can be permitted."
Saturday, March 19
ABC News: Unsafe radiation in contaminated milk and spinach samples taken as far as 75 miles (120 kms) from stricken nuke plant. 6.1-magnitude aftershock (last paragraph).
Friday, March 18
Jim Garrison post on Huffington Post: ...the probability that another accident will happen is escalating. The Japanese disaster is not an isolated event. It is but the latest incident in the most serious and potentially devastating megatrend in the world right now -- the escalating turbulence in our natural systems. In the past twenty five years, extreme weather events have quadrupled in frequency and escalated in intensity. Climate change is morphing into climate shock as month after month natural disasters pile up and wreak havoc on societies everywhere, overwhelming our most sophisticated technologies...
...As we face the future, we must expect that natural disasters will continue to escalate in frequency and ferocity. Because we are making no serious collective effort to address the crisis of global warming, we are entering white water history and will experience an escalating cascade of crises that will shake the foundations of human civilization. Nature is seeking to redress a balance that human effort and technology has consistently violated for a very long time. She will continue to do so until we either change our ways and align human systems with natural systems or face the intensifying devastation of our modern way of life.
Thursday, March 17
ABC News: "...They're overwhelmed, they're floundering, they don't know what to do," said Dr. Michio Kaku, a theoretical physicist who has been consulting for ABC News...
..."At a certain point, they're going to have to abandon ship, they're committing a suicide mission to go in there. The radiation levels are near lethal right now…you're committing suicide to spend large amount of time there," Kaku said...
...180 workers (since increased to around 500) rotate shifts, working at the plant in teams of 50 men -- the Fukushima 50.
Wednesday, March 16
CNN interview podcast: When asked how Japan is handling the situation, U.S. Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton replied:
"I mean there's no -- there's no book you could take off the shelf and say, OK, if a 9.0 earthquake hit and then a massive tsunami floods the entire region where you are, what do you do? I mean this is the kind of contingency planning that I think most people did not believe was necessary.
Well, we're going to have to rethink that. If you look at the earthquake activity over the last 10 years, if you look at other weather problems that seem to have intensified over the last 10 years (scroll down for resources pertinent to this bolded quote), everybody’s going to have to go back to the drawing boards. And it's not only about nuclear power, it's about infrastructure, it’s about coal-fired plants, oil-fired plants. I mean we're going to have to look very carefully at all of our pre-existing assumptions".
NY Times: A small crew of technicians, braving radiation and fire, became the only people remaining at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station on Tuesday — and perhaps Japan’s last chance of preventing a broader nuclear catastrophe.
...They have volunteered, or been assigned, to pump seawater on dangerously exposed nuclear fuel, already thought to be partly melting and spewing radioactive material, to prevent full meltdowns that could throw thousands of tons of radioactive dust high into the air and imperil millions of their compatriots.
Tuesday, March 15
Al Jazeera live blog: The ongoing crisis at Fukushima nuclear plant had been upgraded to a level 6 on the 7-point International Nuclear Event Scale. Andre-Claude Lacoste, president of France's ASN nuclear safety authority said:
"We are now in a situation that is different from yesterday's. It is very clear that we are at a level six, which is an intermediate level between what happened at Three Mile Island and Chernobyl. We are clearly in a catastrophe".
Meanwhile, the US-based Institute for Science and International Security said the situation had "worsened considerably" and that "it may unfortunately reach a level 7 event".
A level 6 event means that consequences are broader and countermeasures are needed to deal with the radioactive contamination.
A level 7 event would constitute a larger release of radioactive material, and would require further extended countermeasures.
Monday, March 14
NY Times: ...the nuclear fuel in all three reactors is likely to melt down, which would lead to wholesale releases of radioactive material — by far the largest accident of its kind since the Chernobyl disaster 25 years ago.
"It's way past Three Mile Island already," said Frank von Hippel, a physicist and professor at Princeton. "The biggest risk now is that the core really melts down and you have a steam explosion."
ecoSanity compilation summary
On March 11, 2011, a magnitude-9.0 earthquake north east of Japan set off a powerful, 7 to 10-metre (23 to 33-foot) tsunami that devastated the north and east coastline of the country and killed (or missing) more than 28,000 people and counting. It has become the world's most expensive natural disaster on record, now at $310 BILLION in damages.
MILLIONS of people went days with little electricity, water, food or heat in near-freezing temperatures. Hundreds of thousands were left homeless. And authorities are in a race against time to prevent multiple nuclear reactor meltdowns in what the Japanese Prime Minister characterized as the nation's worst crisis since World War II.
"Japan lies on the "Ring of Fire" – an arc of earthquake and volcanic zones that stretch around the Pacific where about 90% of the world's quakes occur, including the one that triggered the Dec. 26, 2004, Indian Ocean tsunami that killed 230,000 people in 12 countries. A magnitude-8.8 quake shook central Chile in February 2010 and generated a tsunami that killed 524 people." (AP)
Over 260 aftershocks of magnitude-5.0 or greater followed what was the largest recorded earthquake in Japanese history and the 5th largest globally since 1900.
Japan is the world's 3rd largest, most debt-ridden economy, and largest net food importer in the world. 23% of its 127 million population are 65 or older. It has 18 nuclear power plants and 54 nuclear reactors. A full meltdown and chain reaction in the nuclear material at the troubled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant could threaten an area up to 200 miles from the complex. Tokyo (13 million people) is only 140 miles (200 kms) south.
The tsunami reached as far as 20 kms inland and spread along 670 kms of the east coastline.
The quake left a gigantic rupture in the sea floor, 217-miles long and 50 miles wide; shifted Japan's shoreline up to 2.4 metres (8 feet) in places; altered Earth's axis by 10 cm (4 inches); and sped up Earth's rotation by 1.6 micro seconds.
Not sure which was more indicative of our suicidal global denial and mass-consumerist insanity: The surreal experience of hair product or other inappropriate ads auto-playing online ahead of video footage and on news pages that exclaim, "Race against time to prevent multiple nuclear meltdowns", OR the fact that Japan has built and operates 54 nuclear reactors in the most active seismic zone on the planet!
The additional material below includes a list of collected sources that suggest the possibility of potential connections between *some* seismic activity and global warming (heating).
Japan Sendai earthquake, tsunami, nuclear emergency 2011
- Graphic - The cost of deadly disasters: Japan in perspective, Huffington Post
- Article - What will spark the next Fukushima? Untrustworthy nuclear industry, incompetently regulated, leading world into greater danger, John Vidal, The Guardian
- Article - ...the nuclear fuel in all three reactors is likely to melt down, which would lead to wholesale releases of radioactive material — by far the largest accident of its kind since Chernobyl 25 yrs ago, Hiroko Tabuchi, Keith Bradsher, NY Times
- Article - Japan radiation leaks feared as experts point to possible cover-up, John Vidal, Damian Carrington, The Guardian
- Engineers race to prevent meltdown at 3 Japanese reactors, Eric Talmadge, AP
- Nuclear crisis mounts, Bill Schiller, Toronto Star Asia Bureau
- Article - Japan earthquake 2011: More than 10,000 feared dead, hundreds of thousands without food, water, electricity, AP
- Article - Japan races to avert mulitple nuclear meltdowns, Eric Talmadge, AP
- Videos - BBC
- Videos - The Guardian
- Videos - Aftermath, The Guardian
- Interactive - Map of damage, NY Times
- Interactive - Photos: Closer look at the damage in Japan, NY Times
- Interactive - How shifting plates caused the earthquake and tsunami in Japan, NY Times
- Article - Japan quake leaves gigantic rupture in sea floor, Travis Donovan, Huffpost
- Article - Japan quake moved coast, shifted Earth's axis slightly, Kevin Voight, CNN
- Article - Japan quake sped up Earth's rotation, Seth Borenstein, AP
- Wikipedia - Japan Sendai earthquake and tsunami 2011
- Wikipedia - Nuclear power in Japan
- Wikipedia - Nuclear meltdown
Quakes, volcanoes, tsunamis and the climate crisis:
Possible connections between seismic activity and global heating
- Blog - Global heating causes earthquakes: Number of earthquakes worldwide in 1990: 16,590. Number in 2008: 31,777... 24% increase of magnitude 5.0 and higher between 1990 and 2010, Ted Glick, Grist
- Article - Climate change will shake the Earth, Bill McGuire, The Guardian
- Article - Global warming causing recent earthquakes? William Marseden, Montreal Gazette
- Blog - Yes, climate change may cause more tsunamis. No, that's not alarmism, Brian Merchant, Treehugger
- Blog - "Observations suggest that the ongoing rise in global average temps may already be eliciting a hazardous response from the geosphere." Climate Progress
- Science papers - Climate forcing of geological / geomorphological hazards, Royal Society
- Article - Scientists call for research on climate link to geological hazards, The Guardian
- Article - Icecap thaw may awaken Icelandic volcanoes, Alister Doyle, Reuters
- Article - Global warming has made seismic activity 5x more energetic than 20 yrs ago, AP
- Article - Melting ice sheets can cause earthquakes, Mason Inman, National Geographic
- Article - The Earth fights back - We can expect more earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides and tsunamis, Bill McGuire, The Guardian
- Article - Climate change tearing the Earth apart? Bill McGuire, New Scientist
- Article - Melting glaciers alter Earth's surface, spur quakes, volcanoes, S. Begley, WSJ
- Article - Some earthquakes may be linked to climate change, Mongabay
- PDF - 7-point International Nuclear Event Scale (INES)
- PDF - Nuclear accident ABCs fact sheet, Union of Concerned Scientists
- Website - BeyondNuclear.org
- Website - NukeFree.org
- Website - Nuclear Information & Resource Service (NIRS), Fukushima crisis
- Website - Union of Concerned Scientists - All things nuclear - Japan crisis
- Website - Greenpeace International: Nuclear
- Website - Greenpeace Canada: End the nuclear threat
- Sign up! - No Nuke News (Canada)
- Website - Ontario Clean Air Alliance (Canada)
- Website - World Nuclear Association
- Website - International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA)
- Website - U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
- Wikipedia - Nuclear power
- Wikipedia - Nuclear meltdown
- Wikipedia - Earthquake
- Wikipedia - Tsunami
- Wikipedia - Japan
- ecoSanity - Nuclear energy
- ecoSanity - Uranium mining